ASTM D1748

Test Method for Rust Protection by Metal Preservatives in a Humidity Cabinet

This standard specifies a test method for evaluating the rust preventative properties of metal preservatives under conditions of high humidity. Steel panels are prepared to a prescribed surface finish, dipped in the test oil, allowed to drain. They are then suspended in a special design of humidity chamber (which must meet the requirements of Military Specification JAN-H-792) where they are exposed to a temperature of 48.9C (120F) and a high (unspecified) relative humidity. This climate is maintained under constant steady state conditions. The test duration is variable.

Ascott do not currently manufacture a corrosion test chamber for compliance with this test method.

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ASTM G44

Standard Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5 % Sodium Chloride Solution.

This standard covers procedures for making alternate immersion stress corrosion tests in 3.5% sodium chloride, used primarily for tests of aluminium alloys and ferrous alloys but maybe used for other metals exhibiting susceptibility to chloride ions.

The test utilises a 1 hour cycle that includes a 10 minute period in an aqueous solution of 3.5% sodium chloride followed by a 50 minute period out of the solution during which the specimens are allowed to dry. This 1 hour cycle is continued 24 h/day for the total number of days recommended for the particular alloy being tested, typically from 20 to 90 days or longer depending upon the resistance of the alloy to corrosion by saltwater

ASTM D5894

Cyclic Salt Fog/UV Exposure of Painted Metal

The ASTM D5894 test requires two different types of test apparatus; a fluorescent UV-condensation exposure chamber complying with the requirements of ASTM G53, and a salt fog/dry chamber complying with the requirements of ASTM G85 annex A5. Please see elsewhere in this document for details of ASTM G85 annex A5.

ASTM G85 annex A4

Sulphur dioxide (SO2) salt spray test, cyclic

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of product samples that are likely to encounter a combined SO2/salt spray/acid rain environment during their usual service life.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber, and exposed to 1 of 2 possible changing climate cycles. In either case, the exposure to salt spray may be salt water spray or synthetic sea water spray. The most appropriate test cycle and spray solutions are to be agreed between purchaser and seller.

The first climate cycle comprises of a continuous indirect spray of neutral (pH 6.5 to 7.2) salt water/synthetic seawater solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour. During this spraying, the chamber is dosed with SO2 gas at a rate of 35cm³/minute/m³ of chamber volume, for 1 hour in every 6 hours of spraying. The entire test cycle is at a constant chamber temperature of +35C. The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

The second climate cycle comprises of 0.5 hours of continuous indirect spray of neutral (pH 6.5 to 7.2) salt water/synthetic seawater solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour. This is followed by 0.5 hours of dosing with SO2 gas at a rate of 35cm³/minute/m³ of chamber volume. This is followed by 2.0 hours of high humidity soak. The entire test cycle is at a constant chamber temperature of +35C. The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

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ASTM G85 annex A5

Dilute electrolyte cyclic fog /dry test

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion paints on steel, when exposed to an changing climate of dilute salt spray at ambient temperature, followed by air drying at and elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber, and exposed to a changing climate that comprises of the following 2 part repeating cycle. 1.0 hours exposure to a continuous indirect spray of dilute acidified (pH 5.0 to 5.4) salt water solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour, in an ambient chamber temperature (21 to 27C). This is followed by 1.0 hours exposure to an air drying (purge) climate, in a chamber temperature of +35C. The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as a PROHESION test.

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ASTM G85 annex A2

Cyclic acidified salt spray test

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of aluminium alloys when exposed to a changing climate of acetic acid salt spray, followed by air drying, followed by high humidity, all at an elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber, and exposed to a changing climate that comprises of the following 3 part repeating cycle. 0.75 hours exposure to a continuous indirect spray of acidified (pH 2.8 to 3.0) salt water solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour. This is followed by 2.0 hours exposure to an air drying (purge) climate. This is followed by 3.25 hours exposure to a high humidity climate of 95%RH. The entire test cycle is at a constant chamber temperature of +49C. The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as a MASTMAASIS test.

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ASTM G85 annex A3

Seawater acidified test, cyclic

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of coated or uncoated aluminium alloys and other metals, when exposed to an changing climate of acidified synthetic seawater spray, followed by a high humidity, both at an elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber, and exposed to a changing climate that comprises of the following 2 part repeating cycle. 30 minutes exposure to a continuous indirect spray of acidified (pH 2.8 to 3.0) synthetic seawater solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour. This is followed by 90 minutes exposure to a high humidity climate of above 98%RH. The entire test cycle is at a constant chamber temperature of +49C (may be reduced to +24 to +35C for organically coated specimens). The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as a SWAAT test.

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ASTM G43

Acidified Synthetic Sea Water (Fog) Testing

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of coated or uncoated aluminium alloys and other metals, when exposed to an changing climate of acidified synthetic seawater spray, followed by a high humidity, both at an elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber, and exposed to a changing climate that comprises of the following two part repeating cycle. 30 minutes exposure to a continuous indirect spray of acidified (pH 2.8 to 3.0) synthetic seawater solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour. This is followed by 90 minutes exposure to a high humidity climate of above 98%RH. The entire test cycle is at a constant chamber temperature of +49C (may be reduced to +24 to +35C for organically coated specimens). The number of cycle repeats and therefore the test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as a SWAAT test.

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Note; ASTM G43 has been replaced by ASTM G85 annex A3

ASTM G85 annex A1

Acetic acid salt spray test, continuous

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of decorative chromium plating on steel and zinc based die castings, when exposed to an acetic acid salt spray climate at an elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber and exposed to a continuous indirect spray of acidified (pH 3.1to 3.3) salt water solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 1.0 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour, in a chamber temperature of +35C. This climate is maintained under constant steady state conditions. The test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as an ASS test.

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ASTM B287

Acetic Acid Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

Can be used to test the relative resistance to corrosion of inorganically and organically coated ferrous and non-ferrous metals, when exposed to an acetic acid salt spray climate at an elevated temperature.

Test specimens are placed in an enclosed chamber and exposed to a continuous indirect spray of acidified (pH 3.1to 3.3) salt water solution, which falls-out on to the specimens at a rate of 0.75 to 2.0ml/80cm²/hour, in a chamber temperature of +35C. This climate is maintained under constant steady state conditions. The test duration is variable.

This test is also referred to as an ASS test.

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Note; ASTM B287 has been replaced by ASTM G85 annex A1